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Merv Knight, co-founder VOM Australia

Richard Wurmbrand grew up before and during the hardships of World War I. At times he stole to eat. Bright, with an education gained mostly from his father’s books, he became a sharp young businessman, making money in whatever way was possible.

Soon the young Wurmbrand was found to be suffering from tuberculosis. When Richard and his wife Sabina took their doctor’s advice and sought refuge in a Romanian mountain village, they had no idea what lay in store.


Richard and Sabina Wurmbrand


In the village that the Wurmbrands chose for his rest and recuperation lived an old German carpenter, Christian Wolfkes. Wolfkes’s desire was to win a Jew to Christ. As it was not possible for him to leave the mountain to find a Jew, he prayed that God would bring a Jew to him. Soon the Wurmbrands arrived in the village.

Wolfkes and his wife prayed for Richard and Sabina and showered love and kindness on them. Wolfkes gave Wurmbrand a New Testament. Richard, an avid reader of other books, began to read the Bible – almost unwillingly at first. In the pages of the New Testament, he came face to face with Jesus Christ. So did Sabina.

Soon after this, the Second World War broke out, and it was not long before the Wurmbrands learned what it meant to suffer for the sake of Christ. During the Nazi reign of terror, they were repeatedly arrested and beaten as they sought to remain true to their newfound faith. The whole of Sabina’s Jewish family perished in the Holocaust. Their six adopted children were sent by ship to a place of safety but were lost when the ship disappeared.

But their sorrows were only beginning. A million Russian soldiers occupied Romania in 1944 – before World War II even ended – and the country became a part of the communist Eastern Bloc. A new tyranny was imposed, creating conditions hostile to Christian worship.

Wolfkes led Richard Wurmbrand to Christ 
Richard and Sabina
Soon the Wurmbrands and others took to secret meetings arranged by code to worship in safety.

In 1945 the new government organised a ‘Congress of Cults’, a meeting where all religious leaders would be expected to openly support the atheistic government and its aims. Intent on controlling every facet of life in Romania, including churches and pastors, the government invited the Wurmbrands and other church leaders to attend. One by one, other leaders, including some Christians, spoke out in support of the communists.

By this time Wurmbrand had become a well-known Romanian author and religious leader – first as an Anglican, then Lutheran, minister. He lectured on the Old Testament at the Bucharest Baptist Seminary and was a representative to the World Council of Churches.

Sabina turned to Richard and told him that when he had the opportunity to speak, he should “wipe the shame from the face of Jesus”. Understanding the consequences of such an act, Richard told Sabina that if he were to do so, she would be likely to lose her husband. Sabina replied, “I don’t need a coward for a husband.”

When Wurmbrand stepped forward to speak at the congress, there was a hush as everyone anticipated his endorsement of the new government. Into the electrifying silence fell Wurmbrand’s proclamation to 4,000 delegates that their duty as Christians was to glorify God and Christ alone. He was hustled from the podium and from that moment became a marked man. As he continued his ministry, the government watched him.


On the morning of 29 February 1948, as Wurmbrand walked to church to prepare for the morning service, a secret police van pulled up beside him. Two men pushed him into the van, which quickly drove away. Thrown into prison, Wurmbrand ceased to exist as though he had disappeared from the face of the earth. His name was registered as Vasile Georgescu, and he was forbidden to utter his real name, even when speaking to the guards. When foreign ambassadors or family members enquired about him, ‘Wurmbrand’ did not appear on any list.

Richard Wurmbrand endured two terms of prison totalling 14 years. Sabina continued their underground church work but was also incarcerated for three years in Romania’s terrible labour camps. 

Wurmbrand became so ill in prison that he was put into what was called the ‘dying room’, where guards sent prisoners who were expected to live no longer than a few days.

Wurmbrand survived for more than two years before being released from the dying room. During that time, he ministered to many people before their deaths.

Finally, in 1965, friends ransomed the newly freed Wurmbrand family from Romania. The communists were selling prisoners to the West, most for about $2,000. The price on the Wurmbrands’ heads: $10,000. On a cold Christmas Eve, Sabina, Richard and their surviving son, Michael, arrived at the airport in Oslo, Norway. A few faithful friends met the freed family.

Out of these experiences, the Wurmbrands in 1967 founded a ministry called Jesus to the Communist World, which would spread worldwide and come to be known as Voice of the Martyrs. Its mission was to ask Christians everywhere to rise up and support their brothers and sisters facing terrible persecution under many anti-God regimes.

In Tortured for Christ, Richard Wurmbrand wrote, “The tortures and brutality continued without interruption. In the ensuing years, in several different prisons, they broke four vertebrae in my back, and many other bones. They carved me in a dozen places. They burned and cut 18 holes in my body. Doctors in Oslo, seeing all this and the scars of the lung tuberculosis which I also had, declared that my being alive today is a pure miracle! According to their medical books, I should have been dead for years. I know myself it is a miracle. God is a God of miracles. I believe God performed this wonder so that you could hear my voice crying out on behalf of the underground church behind the Iron Curtain. He allowed me to come out alive and cry aloud the message from your suffering, faithful brethren.”